Pharmacology Essay Assignment

Pharmacology
The ethical and legal implications of the scenario involve various stakeholders including prescriber, pharmacist, patient, patient’s family. The ethical implications include failure of the pharmacist to disclose full information the patient and failure of the prescriber to accept responsibility of the mistake (Gorgich, Barfroshan, Ghoreishi & Yaghoobi, 2016). The patient has the responsibility of reporting the case for proper action to be taken and stop such tendencies in hospitals. The patient’s family has the responsibility of seeking justice and fairness. On the other hand, the legal implications involve the consequences that follow after the medical error has occurred. The patient’s family should report the case to the hospital administration and the legal justice system (Ferrah, Lovell & Ibrahim, 2017). The nurse has the responsibility of telling the truth of what happened to protect the interest of the patient. The patient should also be responsible for explaining the scenario to a legal justice system. The pharmacist should maintain fidelity which calls for faithfulness and truthfulness in exercising nursing duties. Therefore, all the stakeholders should be aware of the ethical and legal implications that occur after a medical error has happened.
Strategies for Disclosure and Nondisclosure
Disclosure of errors is necessary to reassure the honesty of a healthcare provider to a nurse. Nurses should not fear the repercussions of disclosure, but they should first be concerned about the welfare of a patient (Ferrah, Lovell & Ibrahim, 2017). Additionally, disclosure is important and it reduces the possibility of a lawsuit. Nurses who honestly agree that they were involved in a medical error will not be punished harshly as a nurse who is trying to hide it (Gorgich, Barfroshan, Ghoreishi & Yaghoobi, 2016). On the other hand, nondisclosure is an ethical issue that will put to question the trust and integrity of patients-nurses relationships. The reason why nondisclosure is not ethical is that the patient should be informed to start preparing mentally, physically and psychologically on the outcomes of the error.
A lawsuit in California involves a wrong medical prescription. The victim claims that the medication was meant for long-term use whereas he required a short-term drug. The man has filed a lawsuit seeking compensation for medical expenses and damages (Medication Errors, 2017). He argues that he suffered motor and neurological problems after taking the wrong drug.
Strategies for Decision-making
Decision-making strategies involve disclosing an error to protect the welfare of a patient and enhance their trust. It involves acknowledging to a fellow nurse or nurse leader that a mistake has occurred (Gorgich, Barfroshan, Ghoreishi & Yaghoobi, 2016). Once the mistake is identified, it becomes easy to find a solution. Nurses should not be afraid to acknowledge their mistakes since it forms the basis for learning. However, failure to disclose the mistake can harm the patient since they will take the wrong medication. The ‘do no harm’ principle is essential and thus the welfare of the patient should be prioritized.
The second strategy involves consulting from other experienced professionals. The process of consulting is used when something is not clear. A nurse should not fear to ask a question since it can save a life (Zaghloul, Rahman, El-Enein & Younes, 2016). For example, it could involve confirming from the nurse who prescribed the medication on what they meant. Consultations can also be made when the prescribed medication is not illegible. It could be important to ask a patient to wait or step aside as consultations continue rather than providing the wrong medication. A nurse can also consult the guide available for references (Ferrah, Lovell & Ibrahim, 2017). The guide shows the amounts, dosing, interaction and the condition to be treated by all kinds of medications.
Strategies for Writing Prescriptions
The process of writing prescriptions is crucial since it plays a role in reducing medication errors. The writing process can be summarized into four major parts. The first step while writing a prescription is to write down the name of the patient plus another identifier such as date of birth (Ferrah, Lovell & Ibrahim, 2017). It should also include the route to be used in taking the medication, strength, amount and frequency of the medication. It is also important to state the number of refills that the patient should have for a specified period of time (Sukumaran, 2017). The physician should also indicate their identity including NPI numbers. The various identifiers will be essential in reducing the wrong medical prescription.
The process of minimizing medical errors include double-checking the details of the medication required. Double-checking involves checking the type of medication, the amount and type of condition of a patient (Zaghloul, Rahman, El-Enein & Younes, 2016). A name alert strategy should be used to minimize the medical errors by checking for names such as Johnston and Johnson. It is important to confirm the amount of dosage provided. A pharmacist is always advised to check the use of zeros and abbreviations. For example, 0.25mg should not be confused with 25mg since it has adverse effects on patients. A pharmacist should also use a guide for reference purposes to avoid confusing generic names, dosing, nursing considerations, and drug-to-drug interaction (Sukumaran, 2017). A nurse should also follow the five rights including confirming the appropriate route, timing, patient, dosage and accurate prescription.

References
Ferrah, N., Lovell, J. J., & Ibrahim, J. E. (2017). A systematic review of the prevalence of medication errors resulting in hospitalization and death of nursing home residents. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 65(2), 433-442.
Gorgich, E. A. C., Barfroshan, S., Ghoreishi, G., & Yaghoobi, M. (2016). Investigating the causes of medication errors and strategies to prevention of them from nurses and nursing student viewpoint. Global Journal of Health Science, 8(8), 220.
Medication Errors (2017). California man sues for medical negligence after a medication error. Retrieved from; https://homeworkacetutors.com//write-my-paper/kastnerlaw.com/blog/2017/01/california-man-sues-for-medical-negligence-after-medication-error.html
Sukumaran, S. (2017). Physician challenges in medical error disclosure–a case study in undergraduate medical student education. Global Bioethics Enquiry, 35.
Zaghloul, A. A., Rahman, S. A., El-Enein, A., & Younes, N. (2016). Obligation towards medical errors disclosure at a tertiary care hospital in Dubai, UAE. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 28(2), 93-99.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with CheapNursingWriter
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Anthropology
Excellent services will definitely come back
Customer 452441, September 23rd, 2022
Anthropology
excellent loved the services
Customer 452443, September 23rd, 2022
Nursing
The paper was EXCELLENT. Thank you
Customer 452449, September 23rd, 2022
Theology
Job well done and completed in a timely fashioned!
Customer 452451, November 18th, 2022
Psychology
Thanks a lot the paper was excellent
Customer 452453, October 26th, 2022
Architecture, Building and Planning
The assignment was well written and the paper was delivered on time. I really enjoyed your services.
Customer 452441, September 23rd, 2022
Business Studies
Job well done. Finish paper faster than expected. Thank you!
Customer 452451, October 3rd, 2022
Business Studies
Thank you!
Customer 452451, November 27th, 2022
English 101
Very good job. I actually got an A
Customer 452443, September 25th, 2022
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat